Multilingual Computing

This section offers resources on a wide range of issues which face Internet users, from non-Latin character sets and encoding to developing web sites for multilingual audiences. 

 

Multilingual  Computing - Online language dictionaries

YourDictionary.com

Developed by: YourDictionary.com Type of resource: Web  directory Target audience: General Cost: Free access

Comprehensive directory of online language dictionaries.

Dhttp://www.yourdictionary.com/languages.html


Multilingual  Computing - Machine translation

Machine translation is far from perfect, but it can help you get an idea of  the meaning of a web site or short text in another language. A selection of  e-mail and web-based translation tools are listed below.

Babel Not: Machine Translation for the Technical Communicator

Developed by: Sandra Bologna, WTB Language Group Type of  resource: Web article Target audience: General Cost: Free access

Machine Translation (MT) is the automatic translation of text from one  language into another. This article by the WTB Language Group, Inc. looks at  when machine translation is useful and how to prepare documents for machine  translation.

Dhttp://www.wintranslation.com/articles/art05_0004_ machinetranslation.htm


PROMT Reverso Online

Developed by: Paralink Type of resource: Web  site Target audience: General Cost: Free access

Translation from English to French, Spanish, Russian, German and back;  French-German, French-Russian, German-Russian and German-French. Also offers an  instant message translator.

Dhttp://translation2.paralink.com/


Commercial machine translation systems and computer-aided translation  support tools compendium

Developed by: The European Association for Machine Translation  Type of resource: PDF file Target audience: General Cost: Fee

Comprehensive reference guide to commercial and free resources, compiled by John Hutchins and Walter Hartmann. The most recent Compendium is available as a PDF file for a fee of 10 Euros. Older versions are available free of charge from John  Hutchin's web site.

Dhttp://www.eamt.org/compendium.html


Multilingual  Computing - Unicode and font resources

Russify Everything

Developed by: Siber Systems Type of resource: Web  site Target audience: General Cost: Free access

"Russify Everything" provides detailed instructions on how to get a variety  of software to work with cyrillic characters.

Dhttp://www.siber.com/sib/russify/


The Unique Unicode

Developed by: Ubiquity Type of resource: Web  article Target audience: General Cost: Free access

"The Unicode character set is a character set projected to represent the  writing schemes of all of the world's major languages. Unicode provides a unique  number for every character, no matter what the platform, what the programme, or  what the language." Read the full article by Mir Lutful Kabir Saadi for a good  basic introduction to Unicode.

Dhttp://www.acm.org/ubiquity/views/v6i21_saadi.html


Unicode and Multilingual Support in HTML, Fonts, Web Browsers and Other  Applications

Developed by: Alan Wood Type of resource: Web  site Target audience: General Cost: Free access

"Have you ever tried to include a passage in a different alphabet in one of  your documents, for example a quotation in Russian in an English document, only  to find that you have no Cyrillic characters available? Or sent a Spanish  document in electronic form to someone in Greece, only to be told that the  accented Latin characters have been replaced by Greek characters? Or produced a  Web page that includes technical symbols and found that it works with Windows  but not with Mac OS or Unix?" Alan Wood shows you how to avoid these  problems.

Dhttp://www.alanwood.net/unicode/


Multilingual  Computing - Building multilingual sites

Multilingualwebmaster.com

Developed by: MultilingualWebmaster Type of resource: Web  site Target audience: General Cost: Free access

MultilingualWebmaster.com offers articles on topics relating to Web sites for  multilingual and international audiences; global_web_news, an e-newsletter  focussing on global web development issues; and links to resources on topics  such as machine translation, usability, and fonts and character sets.

Dhttp://www.multilingualwebmaster.com/


Multilingual Web Sites

Developed by: TechSoup Type of resource: Case  study Target audience: General Cost: Free access

A short case study on the development of Multikulti, a UK site providing  welfare-related information in eleven languages.

Dhttp://techsoup.org/howto/articlepage.cfm?ArticleI d=560


Using language information in XHTML, HTML and CSS

Developed by: W3C Type of resource: Web guide Target  audience: General Cost: Free access

This W3C guide looks at the importance of providing information about the  languages used on web pages, and takes you through the basic steps you need to  take.

Dhttp://www.w3.org/International/tutorials/tutorial -lang/


Multilingual  Computing - Writing for multilingual audiences

Writing for Translation

Developed by: MultilingualWebmaster Type of resource: Web  article Target audience: General Cost: Free access

This article by Susan Harkus offers guidelines for writing texts which will  be translated by either humans or machines.

Dhttp://www.multilingualwebmaster.com/library/writi ng-TR.html


Multilingual  Computing - Multilingual online communities

Efficient Management of Multilingual Electronic Conferences

Developed by: Daniel Pimienta, Catherine Dhaussy Type of  resource: PDF Target audience: General Cost: Free  access

This article, published in Upgrade, looks at the "Efficient  Management of Multilingual Electronic Conferences" (EMEC) methodology, which  harnesses e-mail discussion lists, web pages, machine translation and human  facilitation for the management of online conferences.

Dhttp://www.upgrade-cepis.org/issues/2002/1/up3-1Pi mienta.pdf


Multilingual Computing -  General

Editor's choice: Multilingual Computing

Developed by: MultiLingual Computing Type of resource: Web  site Target audience: General Cost: Free access

Web site of the "MultiLingual Computing & Technology" journal; offers a  vast range of useful information for those needing to explore multilingual  issues in depth.

Dhttp://www.multilingual.com/


Asia-Pacific Association for Machine Translation

Developed by: Asia-Pacific Association for Machine Translation  Type of resource: Web site Target audience: General Cost: Free access

The association is comprised of three entities: researchers, manufacturers,  and users of machine translation systems, and endeavors to develop machine  translation technologies to expand the scope of effective global communications. 

Dhttp://www.aamt.info/


Introduction to Multilingual Computing

Developed by: Center for Educational Technology Type of  resource: website Target audience: General Cost: Free  access

The Center for Educational Technology's section on Multilingual Computing  offers basic definitions of character sets and encoding, and overviews common  encodings. The feature covers the use of mutliple languages on Windows and MAC  operating systems, and how to obtain special characters (ie, characters with  accents) in both, as well as how to facilitate multiple lanuage character  display on the web.

Dhttp://www.cet.middlebury.edu/rsrc_multilingual_in tro.php


Is Your Website Lost in Translation? Top Ten Mistakes that companies make  when creating multilingual websites

Developed by: Self SEO Type of resource: Web  article Target audience: General Cost: Free access

Huiping Iler looks at mistakes ranging from not translating keywords properly  to not communicating effectively with translators.

Dhttp://www.selfseo.com/story-18644.php


Multilingual Computing Resources Glossary

Developed by: Multilingual Computing Resources Type of  resource: website Target audience: General Cost: Free  access

A glossary of terms related to multilingual computing. The glossary details  different standards as well as linguistic definitions to better understand the  complexity of multilingual needs. In English and Japanese.

Dhttp://mlcr.nagaokaut.ac.jp/main1/glossary.html


The European Association for Machine Translation

Developed by: EAMT Type of resource: Web site Target  audience: General Cost: Free access

"The European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT) is an organization  that serves the growing community of people interested in MT and translation  tools, including users, developers, and researchers of this increasingly viable  technology." The EAMT site includes a compendium of machine translation  software, links to related organizations, and information about MT-List, a  discussion list concerning machine translation.

Dhttp://www.eamt.org/

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